LSD The Problem-Solving Psychedelic
P.G. Stafford and B.H. Golightly
Chapter IV. Everyday Problems (part 1) (part 2)
EVERY PERSON has everyday problems, just as every person has an
everyday life, with mounds and hills of pleasure, and ruts and
pitfalls of trouble.
What are these "everyday" problems? They are usually
related to any situation common to the human condition. Nail-biting;
hostility toward one's family; awkwardness; an uncontrollable
temper; timidity; lethargy; unpopularityall are familiar and
rather general manifestations of "everyday problems."
Such manifestations, of course, can sometimes be cured with aspirin
or mouthwash or some other product from the neighborhood drugstore.
On the other hand, everyday problems can be seeds that grow into
"serious" problemsmarital or sexual dissatisfactions
that daily worsen, drinking much more than "too much,"
for instanceproblems which may send the sufferer to his minister
begging for advice, or to the psychiatrist's couch, or to a hospital
LSD, that quixotic giant, has been of service here, too. The drug
has found its way into countless "everyday lives" and
has solved countless "everyday problems." The publications
on LSDboth clinical and popularabound with accounts of
"small" lives that have been made larger, richer, smoother,
as a result of the LSD experience. Many such endorsements have
been given by those who would be terrified to take "drugs"
(dope), and who will readily swear that they take no drugs (alcohol,
tea, coffee and tobacco do not count) except upon the doctor's
orders when they are "sick." "Sickness," therefore,
has accounted for much of the first-hand information we have about
everyday problem solving. Numerous medical practitioners as well
as psychologists and psychoanalysts, have used LSD to help patients
over various impasses. And, of course, there are thousands of
private individuals who, through their own experiments, have found
many of their problems dissolved. The reason for this is that
LSD usually acts as a "true mirror," and in a large
number of cases that true mirror is an inescapable one, revealing
oneself to oneself with awesome and sometimes painful accuracy.
Since most people are braver than they think themselves to be,
they often profit significantly from this honesty.
While there exist many independent and spontaneous accounts of
such experiences, those bearing the "official" seal
are unquestionably more creditable. For this reason, the individualistic,
first-hand reports, which are often brilliantly stated and filled
with sharp, persuasive detail, must bow out, or at least for the
time being take a seat in the rear.
Referring directly to one of the most authoritative works in the
field, any number of applicable examples of everyday problem solving
can be found in The Use of LSD in Psychotherapy.
The case of one seriously disturbed child
is cited in this work as having been effectively solved, or aided,
through LSD therapy:
Dr. T. T. Peck. The
5-year-old girl was a real behavior problem, completely rebellious
about everything. Knowing her background, I couldn't blame her.
We gave her about 40 mcg over a 1 and 1/2 hour period. and she
became completely uninhibited. It was a typically schizophrenic
reaction. Afterward, she was very happy. The only untoward reaction
was a very slight tremor and an over-elation, to some extent.
But, for 2 weeks, she was just a perfect child. Of course, she
went back into the same environment and continued much the same
pattern. But then we showed the parents where they were really
planting the seeds of her difficulties in her. By changing the
environment, we solved the problem.
This example is deliberately cited, in spite of its negative aspects,
to show that the drug is only as good as the subject is, and that
a bad environment acts as a magnetic field and can draw back the
best LSD recipient, unless the subject has maturity and/or some
control over his circumstances. In this case at least some of
the proper environmental corrections were made. Another account
of a "problem child" had clearer, more patently satisfactory
results, although the case was more expressly difficult:
Murphy: One 8-year-old
made a very good recovery. That was completed 3 years ago, and
I hear from the family quite often. She had a long-standing extremely
chronic, and extremely restive, character disorder. She was an
enuretic child with deep sexual conflicts, whom I had had in unsuccessful
psychotherapy for a year before she started LSD. I was getting
absolutely nowhere with her. In treatment, she worked up to 300
mcg (of LSD) and took them regularly, once a week.
Asked if the parents had had LSD too, Dr. Murphy replied that
there was no father, and that although the mother had talked of
taking the drug, she never did. However, the mother was a "very
intelligent, cooperative, and resourceful person," and there
was a "very thoroughgoing change in the child."
Dr. Murphy went on to explain the child's satisfactory recovery:
Her enuresis, which had been with her every day for several years,
stopped after the second session, a very violent one, in which
she became disoriented and called continually for her mother.
But then she went on to a great deal of characterological change.
She had been a thoroughly dull and boring person, a narrowly moralistic,
unimaginative child. She stank of urine most of the time. She
was a "straight A" student in school. During treatment
she changed so that everyone, relatives and friends, as well as
her mother and herself, noticed it. It wasn't so much "spectacular"
as it was profound and convincing. She was by no means free of
problems, but became so free and creative and so much more outgoing
and generous, that it was clear her behavior was springing from
something spontaneous within herself.
Passing for the moment from the reports on the clinical level
to those from other qualified and serious investigators lacking
medical/psychiatric credentials but highly respected, there is
the case of "S," who was in the grips of an odd but
troublesome behavior disorder concerning "spilled" liquids.
This is recounted in The Varieties of Psychedelic Experience
by R. E. L. Masters and Jean Houston.
Before "S"  took
LSD, he was by habit a rather sloppy person who kept his office
in "a mess," was oblivious to clothes strewn about the
house, dirty dishes and so forth. But one thing he could not abide
was liquid spilled on any surface. Seeing such unsightliness threw
him into unaccountable rage and set him immediately to cleaning
About an hour into his session, S was led into a dining room where
he immediately noticed that some rather slimy looking soup had
been spilled on the table top and left there, seemingly by accident.
His initial reaction was the usual one, and at once he began to
search for something with which he might wipe up the spilled soup.
Finding nothing, he pulled out his handkerchief and debated whether
he ought to use that. Then, however, he became aware that what
he was experiencing was much less anger... than fear. He looked
closely at the droplets and turned noticeably pale. Before his
eyes, as he subsequently related, those few tiny drops began to
expand, rise up, bubble and seethe, take on a "horribly slimy
and gelatinous" appearance, and then surge like a miniature
but rapidly growing tidal wave toward the edge of the table. At
the same time, he recognized as a cause of his anxiety the fear
not only that the room would be flooded with liquid but also that
it would infect whatever it touched.... He leaped back in horror,
wiped away the drops with his handkerchief, and appeared almost
ready to faint. But then he approached the table again, picked
up the soup bowl, and deliberately poured a good bit of its contents
on the table top. He became increasingly calm and described to
the guides the visual distortions he had perceived.
In working through this strange insight, S finally realized that
the "viscous putrefaction so corrosive as to 'rot [anything]
upon contact'... was 'bound up with... a wet, slimy and
corrupt sexuality,' which simultaneously attracted and repelled,
setting him in 'painful conflict with moral values.' "
S now was urged to "go deeper," to go down into the
depths of his own psyche and try to find there some explanation
for what he had seen. He fell silent for a minute, then spoke
in a voice that sounded as if, in fact, it were coming up from
the depths. The phenomenon he had just witnessed, S said, was
one that occurred on a level below consciousness whenever he was
confronted with spilled liquid. He could tap, from "some
deep source," many memories of having repeatedly had such
experiences before, although they never had emerged into consciousness.
The LSD experience for S was like sailing in a glass-bottomed
boat. As he continued to peer into the opaque depths, he discovered
still other facets of himself that eventually led to his "recovery"
and his sayingand his wife agreeing with himthat his relationships
with his family were much better, "mainly as a result of
'the loosening of a rigid puritanism.' "
This absorbing if small "everyday" problem is notable
not only for the subject's keen perception, but because it is
a prime example of an "everyday" problemnothing disastrous
but an unhappy condition that could, and did, create untold hours
of anxiety for its owner. Just as a thorn in the heel torments
the bear unable to communicate his trouble, so the inarticulate
human being who has a small, out-of-the-way, but constantly troublesome
problem can be made miserable by the most trifling of "thorns."
The lonely widow is, in a way, luckier. At least she has a historical
precedent, an accumulated warehouse of human sympathy to draw
on, when she has lost her spouse and cannot accept her loss. Masters
and Houston present the case of a widow who had turned to the
bottle for solace shortly after her husband's death six years
before. In consequence, she had lost her friends and herself,
but adamantly remained maudlin and inconsolable over her loss
of her husband.
During her session she reminisced about her happy life before
her husband died. He had been all things to her, and had protected
her in every way. Though he had left her well provided for economically,
she felt she had no emotional resources to live on and was too
old to find any. Drink, and acting as custodian of mementoes from
the pasther husband's clothing, his toothbrush and other possessionswere
her only interests, aside from speaking of him as often as possible,
almost as if he were alive.
S brought with her to her session a pipe that had been her husband's
favorite and which she often looked at and held when she wanted
to feel especially close to him.... Finally, she closed her eyes
and reported that the pipe was "getting warmand then that
she had the feeling of holding not the pipe but instead her husband's
hand. She now experienced the first of many vivid memory sequences
during which she "relived" with intense emotion a great
many past events.... Her husband seemed "real as life"
and she wept with joy at his "return from the grave."
S, from that time on, was gradually able to make adjustments,
to "grow up, create a new life" for herself; and she
discontinued her drinking immediately and did not revert to it.
S then began to talk to her husband, telling him how much she
had missed him since his death, how difficult life had been for
her, and how their friends had abandoned her since she had started
to drink. To the guide's inquiry, she explained that the sense
of her husband's presence was "completely real" and
that he listened "very seriously" to her discourse and
sympathized with her plight, but managed nonetheless to convey
the idea that he "didn't really approve" of the way
she had been behaving. She fell silent, and finally reported that
the pipe was only a pipe again, that it was growing cold, and
the sense of her husband's presence was becoming very faint. Then,
however, it returned once againa presence so powerfully felt
that she thought she could "reach out and touch him."
She felt her husband smiled at her lovingly, conveying "whole
worlds of encouragement and strength," then slowly turned
his back and walked away. Then the sense of presence was extinguished
and somehow she knew that he would "come no more." The
pipe now was "cold and lifeless" in her hands and had
"nothing more to do" with her husband.... "At long
last," she said, he was "gone. Dead. Really dead. He
has made me understand that and I have got to accept it. That
is what he would want me to do. That is the meaning of what I
just went through."
That environment is a stern dictator, co-ruling man's fate with
chance, is clearly true in the case of another "victim"
of himself, an amateur gambler who might more realistically be
termed an amateur loser. The subject, a clerk in a small English
bank, was deep in debt and in constant friction with his wife
and children because he was a regular and compulsive gambler at
the dog races. LSD and ritalin treatments, under direction of
Drs. Ling and Buckman, were suggested when it became apparent
that betting at the dog races was the dominant activity of his
life. (This patient also had an immature dependency on his mother,
a characteristic which did not help his marital situation. ) Even
at the outset of treatment, however, he realized his own weaknesses
to a certain extent and acknowledged that he really gambled in
order to lose. He "obtained a strange satisfaction in the
misery that followed losing, and the humiliations that followed
on the financial crisis," as he himself put it after his
second LSD-ritalin session.
In time this man came to understand that he was not behaving like
an adult in calling on his mother for emotional reassurance and
that some of his problems were sexual. He was successful early
in the series of his twelve sessions in giving up his deliberate
losing at the races and, upon occasion, he won some money. His
relationships with his family, including sexual relations with
his wife, were markedly improved, and his trips to the dog races
became infrequent. Still, although he was more content, in better
financial condition and no longer in the grip of his compulsion,
he found himself unable to settle down. At the end of the ninth
session it was decided that he should take a rest from treatment
for a time, to see what would happen.
He did not have a genuine relapse, but again he got along badly
with his wife and children, and he had to make a conscious effort
to resist urges that he return to his former preoccupations. His
wife, a pragmatic type of person, lost patience with him. Finally
he went on a gambling spree, and afterward he felt "purged"
because he had lost all his money. He also made a full confession
to the bank that he had done this, as he had on a previous occasion
when his employers had been paternally understanding about his
difficulties. At that point he returned to treatment.
By the end of the final session, the former gambler had a subtle
but telling insight into his difficulties: he had not made the
proper adjustment prior to his gambling spree because, having
been relieved of his compulsions, he had found no interests or
outside occupations to replace them. When he learned that he would
have to "learn to live without it" (gambling), he then
settled down to doing so, and quite successfully. Six months after
dismissal he was still living a satisfactory life, free from his
Had this man not been capable of learning to live without his
destructive and immature preoccupation, his story might not have
had its successful conclusion. All too often "relapses"
occur when the individual, freed from his problems, feels not
his loss so much as he does an inner void. Failure to find a constructive
substitute, or to "fill in the hole," may engender a
state of anxiety and be as detrimental as returning to the same
environment, unchanged in atmosphere or reality; and makes full
non-backsliding recovery virtually impossible.
Even more vivid than the gambler's case is this solution of a
"life problem," presented by Dr. Donald D. Jackson at
an LSD symposium held at Napa State Hospital, Imola, California:
The patient was a 35-year-old accountant who had been in intensive
psychotherapy for five years because of chronic depression and
crippling obsessive traits. He had had a brief psychotic reaction
and had made an abortive attempt at self-castration. His oldest
sister was a semi-invalid; he was placed in a position of great
responsibility for her; yet he had always to be deferential and
to accept continuous criticism. He had no pleasant experiences
of adolescence, and no dating. At the beginning of therapy he
complained of intense loneliness. Both patient and therapist were
frustrated by his meager progress. His solid intellectual defenses
were refractory to interpretation. Occasionally he made efforts
to improve his isolated social position; each time he neatly
sabotaged the effort.
The patient was given 100 mcg. of LSD at this point. Although
he was eased somewhat, he was still blocked and the doctor was
unable to instigate any fantasy on the part of the patient that
might point toward the cause.
Upon speculating about the kind of fantasy a boy might entertain
about a father he had hated, the doctor finally produced an image
that suited the patient. He suggested that if the patient
reverentially mowed the grass over his father's grave, and
if each passage of the blades over his father's grave cut a little
deeper, there might be a gradual diminution, or shearing off of
the parental authority, a trimming of the father imago. I shared
this fantasy with the patient and suggested that he might well
have had such a one. The effect was electric. He exploded with
laughter. The feelings and fantasies about father came pouring
out, as though Moses had smote the rock. For the balance of the
afternoon we reveled in an exchange of fantasies about his father.
One of the reasons why LSD had met with limited public acceptanceaside
from the adverse publicity it has received and the fact that the
drug is acknowledged even by enthusiasts to be fraught with considerable-dangers
unless expertly usedis that today the public, in general, is
quite accustomed to claims made for "miracle" cures.
Every unusual advance is suspect to the majority which, with some
amusement, sits by and watches hopeful converts practice Spectro-chrome
Therapy, Dianetics, Grapho-Therapeutics or whatever else is in
vogue that season.
From that day he was a changed man. Previously he had been a Milquetoast
at work, whom everyone pushed around. Now he became self-assertive
and positive. He no longer let advantage be taken of him. He was
poised and comfortable. It occurred to him he might do better
working by himself. During the next LSD session (150 micrograms)
he was able to continue the work of the preceding session. With
the dread father laid to rest, he could relive his adolescent
days with the therapist, not as they had been, but as they might
have been. He expressed for the first time the desire for a girl.
In the month following, astounding changes developed. He developed
a sense of humor; he became efficient; he began to date; he made
plans to leave his job and set up his own business, and this he
actually accomplished. He enjoyed dating and experienced intense
sexual feelings. In therapy he expressed the desire for marriage
and children. He struck up a friendship with another man, with
whom he discussed topics formerly tabu: sex and women.
Following LSD he began to have intense dreams, sometimes pleasurable,
often in color, which he had not had before.
In seventeen (now nineteen) years of practicing psychotherapy,
I have never seen as much change in an individual with a rigid
obsessional character. The change has been permanent. While it
has leveled off, there has been no backsliding since our first
Encounter using LSD.
This is not at all surprising. Well-attested claims for cures
burgeon for almost every remedy ever recommended, and cure claims
for primitive and unusual nostrums will probably always have a
following. (Some of them, oddly enough, have even proved to have
scientific validity. )
But prior to Hofmann's accidental discovery of LSD, there was
never any miracle cure that claimed revolutionary benefits in the
alleviation of mankind's mental and emotional imbalances. Not
until LSD has there been a therapy, a drug or any other problem-solving
means that reached so many different levels.
The nineteenth-century medicine show and its medicine man must
have given hope and therefore aid, as well as entertainment, to
the audiences which bought patent medicines. The purveyors were
not all charlatans, whether or not they had personal faith in,
or experience with, the product they peddled. The claims they
made for their goods always had any number of honest adherents
to back them up. The endorsers believed that the medicine did
them good, and quite often it did, if only because they thought
To ignore the power of suggestion, with or without drugs, is perhaps
to become fallacious. Even scrupulous investigators who would
like to think of themselves as unprejudiced are constantly being
surprised by unacknowledged errors. This is why most seasoned
researchers accept all findings with caution and attempt rigorous
self-examination to rout out their hidden biases.
Some reports made by members of the Josiah Macy Foundation's LSD
conference, relating to experiments made with LSD and placebos,
revealed how great the powers of suggestion can be:
Abramson: "I have also seen rather violent reactions
when tap water was administered. One subject became so upset from
a tap water 'dose' of zero LSD administered in the morning that
I had to be with him until 11 o'clock that night, and he was upset
for a week thereafter. One young girl became paralyzed in both
legs after tap water. Possibly the more violent reactions are
due more to the underlying personality than to the drug itself."
Dr. Abramson was asked if the placebo subjects were integrated
with the group which had actually received the drug; the answer
was in the affirmative. He went on to say that extreme reactions
on the part of the tap-water subjects invariably occurred in a
group setting and were typical. Another member of the conference,
Dr. Betty G. Eisner, related that one of her placebo patients
in an experiment had had a violent skin reaction that persisted
for some months later. And Dr. Keith S. Ditman spoke of an unusual
situation that came up in his work:
One of our subjects showed a reaction indicating he did not believe
the physician had given him LSD. This is a reverse situation;
that is, the drug reaction was affected by the knowledge that
placebos were sometimes given.
This rather startling incident would seem to indicate that if
there is one thing that is superior to LSD in its power to alter
the human psyche, it is the human psyche itself! There are few
cases on record, however, of the subject's successfully resisting
LSD. Indeed, most people who take the drug do so because they
want to, or are advised to. Most LSD subjects look forward to
the prismatic, climactic, revealing experience which LSD promises
and usually fulfills. They are prepared to be persuaded.
In the matter of marital relations or sexual experience while
under LSD, the elements of extrasensory perception and suggestion
play a crucial part. If the drug is taken in an impersonal group
setting, or with a guide whose interest in the subject is purely
clinical, sexual arousal seldom occurs. LSD is not a "sex
drug," although in sexual matters it can act as a strong
stimulus if the setting and the people involved have sexual participation
in mind. LSD can influence every area of human activity, and when
sex and LSD do converge, the experience is said to be indescribably
As novelists, psychologists, and sociologists continue to observe,
people today generally do not have good relationships with each
otherrelationships that are healthy, joyous and open. Nor are
many modern marriages sound. Marriage may begin with a great deal
that favors success and yet there is an appalling rate at which
the relationship deteriorates.
Rates of divorce, annulment and separation are almost at a par
with marriage figures, and in countless situations a married couple
only remains together for "the children," or for "old
time's sake." In our society, loneliness, alienation and
incompatibility are increasingly familiar conditions.
One of the most revealing studies made of marital mores and attitudesa
survey of 624 housewives who had been married for an average of
ten yearswas reported by Marya Mannes in The New York Times,
November 15, 1965. Most of these women thought of themselves
first as "a mother," then as "a wife." Asked
about the role of the man in the family, some 63 per cent thought
of him primarily as "a breadwinner" (only 14 per cent
considered him first of all "a husband"). Despite this
emphasis on the "breadwinner" aspect, however, "most
of the wives felt that their husbands' work was something entirely
outside of their lives, and they commented on it only in terms
such as 'My husband is a good provider' or 'He has a good job.'
" As an explanation of the remarkable "evasive tactics"
engaged in by husbands in our societytelevision, the papers,
long working-hours, golf, drink, "outside sex," girlie
magazines, Marya Mannes says:
Throughout their responses, the conclusion was inescapable that
the wives cared far more about what their husbands did than about
what they were, as persons. About one-third of the women
not only put their own role as mothers first, but indicated that
the husband was essentially outside the basic family unit of herself
and her children.
In such a situation, LSD has a remarkable ability to help people
overcome problems of alienation. Sometimes this comes about simply
from bettering sexual relations:
Before I started taking LSD, I had all but lost interest in sex.
As you know, I'm marriedhave been for three yearsbut it
hasn't turned out too well. To be frank, it hasn't worked at all,
not even in the beginning when we were still very much in love.
This husband then goes on to say that after experiencing LSD he
went to bed with his wife and found "It was like discovering
her all over again. Her body, and I know it as well as I know
my own, suddenly became new and fresh and exciting. Imagine all
that... and I was barely speaking to her a month ago."
In certain popular magazines, LSD has been presented as a powerful
sex drug. To a greater extent than with presumed "sex drugs,"
which are not really effective, the claims are justified, for
experiments are repeatable and LSD's sexual reputation is deserved.
This is not to say that it is in any way an aphrodisiac, but since
LSD heightens all sensory perceptions, it follows quite logically
that, used during sexual activity, fresh sexual values are garnered.
Since sex, even in an age of enlightenment, is still a veiled
subject, few serious investigators have publicly revealed the
value of LSD in melding sexual relations, the cornerstone of any
good marriage. An established authority on sexual behavior recently
decided against the publication of a paper he had written on the
sexual aspects of psychedelic experienceon the grounds that
such publication might jeopardize his career. Such attitudes have
left honest reporting of what occurs when LSD is introduced into
the sexual experience to the maverick writer, or the reckless.
When the LSD session is directed toward problem solving in the
psycho-sexual area, the drug can help to uncover one's "essential
self," and may transform the image of a loved one from a
person fallen from favor due to his nagging and irritating traits,
to someone far more human and attractive. The drug is able to
change the pessimist, who sees nothing but the half empty glass,
into an optimist delighted that the glass is half full. This value
rearrangement, shifting from being petty and faultfinding, to
being impressed by the fundamental unity of life, is an opening
In April, 1963, novelist Alan Harrington was getting along rather
badly with his wife. They were "frequently at odds, and just
not connecting," at the time when he had his first LSD experience.
As he wrote later, "I know that the vision revealed by psycho-chemicals
can help overcome feelings of alienation and loneliness":
[In] the next few hours... I loved and desperately wanted my
wife. This was a surprise to everyone, including ourselves, because
as I said we had been through a bad time together. But under LSD
it is impossible to fake anything: she was my connection with
LSD seems to strip away ordinarily superficial motivations and
interests. Under the influence of this drug, material accumulations
come to mean very little; of importance are relationships that
are honest and meaningful, and the ability of the senses to derive
the most from experience.
Someone commented later: "Well, what's so surprising about
two people who have been together for twelve years having a bond
Nothing, I suppose, except that the bond can be buried in the
details of everyday living; it can be forgotten; the bond can
be taken for granted and become boring if you let it, but just
the same over the years it may still be the main cable attaching
you to life. During the parts of the LSD torment when an ego is
being shredded, you know who your friends are.
The drug is able to effect these alterations in thought process
because it short-circuits old techniques for self-deception. During
the LSD experience, the subject loses his accustomed habits of
thinking and feeling (much of the literature refers to this as
"depersonalization"), and goes "outside" of
himself, away from the old grooves of normal defenses. From this
new perspective, he sees through the ways in which he avoids intimacy
and spontaneity, participation and opennesswhat may lead to
being "an utter fake," and what Eric Berne has discussed
in terms of "evasions" in his book Games People Play.
There is a grim reality and embarrassing humor to such
"games" as Harried, Kick Me, Stupid, Wooden Leg,
Rapo, Look How Hard I Am Trying, Sweetheart, and Uproar
(to name a few on Berne's list).
LSD has very little patience with fraudulent defenses or with
artificial environments or with status, and it rips away the facade
that keeps us from understanding how preoccupied we may have become
with the trivial. The drug also seems to shorten the gaps between
events that are, or prove to be, meaningful, and thus it forestalls
deliberate "forgetfulness," or blockage. In consequence,
a more realistic appraisal of oneself and one's behavior patterns
seems possible. A 49-year-old married man explained it this way
after having undergone a series of LSD treatments at Marlborough
Day Hospital in London:
I am able to talk to my wife more freely and frankly than I ever
used to be. I am not so afraid of saying what I really think even
if I know she will not agree. Apart from the restoration of intercourse
we really get on much better than before. That is because there
was a time, which was very difficult while it lasted but which
has borne fruit, when we were both quite open in our talking about
the breach that had come between us. When one pretends that all
is well and is afraid of speaking about how one really feels there
is no hope that things will get any better. When, as happened
in our case, one has the courage to be honest then there is a
very good chance that all will be well.
An improved grasp of the problem does not guarantee, of course,
that a couple will be brought closer together. Often an attraction
is little more than a matter of both partners having needs which
may be somewhat satisfied through living together. There are many
persons who are living with partners they do not really like,
or who are continuing a relationship just to be continuing something.
Under the influence of LSD, such situations can become very clear;
it may emerge that the alliance is essentially sick, or at best
unsatisfactory. Many an LSD user has claimed to realize that,
for him, the time has come to "move on" and that the
"marital game has ended." A few, aware of the uprooting
effect in their life arrangement, have stopped LSD sessions because,
as one woman put it, "I just can't permit that much honesty
in my life."
Although risks like learning more than one cares to know do exist,
the "advice" given by LSD is for the most part benevolent.
Instead of encouraging disparagement of a mate for shortcomings,
as may result from greater intellectual clarity, the drug generally
activates emotional tolerance, if not empathy, and highlights
hidden or forgotten attractive qualities.
In one of Masters' and Houston's sessions where this development
occurred, a man in his early thirties, while looking in a mirror,
saw an image of himself as the source of great circular loops
of neon that entirely surrounded him. Hundreds of thousands of
such "loops" appeared. He felt they were made up of
all of his self-attachments and pertained to every point of his
"... memory loops, love loops, hate loops, eating loops,
mental block loops." Upon re-entering the living room he
saw his wife and immediately became absorbed in studying her since
she, too, appeared to him to be surrounded by her loops. He had
always thought of her as being "a rather simple person"
and was "altogether amazed to discover that she is every
bit as complicated as I am."
Afterwards the subject felt that he had been able to recapture
a view of his wife that he had held at the time of their marriage
and that he understood her better. Similarly, through the "loops"
important things about the characters of other people seemed to
be revealed to him.
Reports of successful marital adjustments with LSD increasingly
give evidence of restored appreciation for the partner and the
partnership. It seems not unreasonable, therefore, that one day
LSD may be regarded as a strong asset to marriage counselors.
As a forerunner of this possibility, Dr. Richard Alpert, an expert
on psychedelics, has included in his book, LSD, co-authored
by Dr. Sidney Cohen, a section entitled "A Manual for Making
the Marriage New."
Along these lines, others have suggested that, in the future,
LSD sessions might include the play-back of previously taped events,
specifically a family quarrel. Some of the precipitating factors
might dissolve into trivia under the light of fresh insight.
Frigidity, Impotence, Homosexuality and Perversion.
In 1962, when screen-writer, novelist-actress "Constance
Newland" (a pseudonym) published her book, My Self and
I, frigidity in women was an accepted, but relatively unexplored,
problem. At the same time, LSD was an enigmatic drug, also relatively
unexplored. Since My Self and I appeared, joining the two
topics in major context, LSD and the cure of frigidity have been
linked in the public mind.
In My Self and I, the author explains that for a number
of years she had been undergoing psychotherapy, without progress,
for several problems, chief of which was frigidity. Regarding
this, she was perfectly prepared to live with it, because:
I knew from friends (and from Dr. Kinsey, who reports that approximately
one third of American women suffer similarly) that frigidity among
women is almost as prevalent as the common coldand just about
Even so, she was a healthy, functioning member of society. As
Dr. Harold Greenwald says in his foreword to the book, "To
me it seems quite clear that most people meeting her even before
her experience in self-discovery would probably have considered
her well balanced, adjusted or emotionally mature."
However gracefully she was able to accept her disorder, Constance
Newland was agreeable when LSD was suggested as an aid for her
basic problem, frigidity. She found the results of her twenty-three
sessions with the drug so rewarding that she felt obliged to publicly
share her achievements with others.
Constance Newland's husband had died just after her second child
was born, and her feeling of emptiness, which she had thought
could only be filled with her career, was to be expected. That
her career failed to gratify her emotional needs was also to be
expected. Her long, detailed account, with pronounced Freudian
overtones, shows the two predominant effects of LSD when used
to treat sexual repressions. First, the drug is incisive in that
it brings to the patient a conscious image of his condition. Second,
it returns him to childhood memories and events, which he relives,
thus enabling him to come to new terms with them and to slough
them off selectively.
In her first session, Constance Newland had several clear indications
of her frigidity. Almost at once she felt cold and her teeth chattered
as her body trembled. She felt herself sucked down to the bottom
of a dark ocean, alone on the ocean floor, a closed-up clam. Then
she saw a "white marble statue of a nude woman with two gaping
holes where her breasts should be." This she recognized as
a statue, which had actually been erected after the second world
war, in the center of a German city, christened, "The City
Without a Heart."
In later sessions indications of her frigidity were again revealed,
but in other images: she saw herself on one occasion as a fragile
glass vase, about to break. Then it occurred to her that she thought
of herself as being "Inviolate," and that it was no
accident that "violet" was her favorite color and that
she often dressed in it.
The second major effect of the drug was to return her to repressed
traumatic incidents of childhood from which she had never been
emotionally released. Re-living these experiences, with all their
original pain, she was freed from the sexual blockage which had
made her frigid:
As a baby, I had seen the act of intercourse which looked to be
an act of violence in which father "choked" mother.
That scene had so alarmed and sickened me that, as a protection,
I had determined "never to feel anything so that I would
not be hurt."
At long long last, I had uncovered the classic Freudian "trauma"
responsible for my sexual difficulty: one too-strong, too-hot
enema, received when I was two and a half years old. It was preposterous.
But undeniable.... My ego would have been able to manage a too-strong
enema with the "utmost ease" had it occurred later in
life. But at the age of two and a half, my ego was "helpless"
and could only fend off the problemby repression, which later
turned out to be ineffective and involved the "permanent
hindrance to further development''of frigidity....
Thus LSD took Constance Newland to the base of her problem and
released her from her deep-seated fears. Much to her amazement,
she discovered that there is indeed an "unconscious"
and that her own had unknowingly served her as an emotional catch-all.
Because so much that was buried there was repellent to her, she
had rejected the concept of the unconscious. But as her LSD treatment
gradually opened mental and emotional horizons for her conscious
inspection, she recognized the unpleasant elements for what they
were, deflated them and dismissed them from her life. With their
disappearance went the desperate emptiness which her unconscious
symptoms had brought aboutthe unrealistic quest for something
to fill the void within her. As a result of her thorough and courageous
exploration of self, she gained understanding, adjustment and
cure. As she says, "My life has new savor, new meaningand
Life is repetitive in its processes and similar results were achieved
in sixteen other cases of frigidity treated by Drs. Thomas A.
Ling and John Buckman of Marlborough Day Hospital in London. They
report the case of a twenty-six-year-old Indian girl, for example,
who feared she could never marry or have sexual relations, although
she consciously wanted to. After treatment with LSD and Ritalin,
she uncovered early memories which she came to understand were
the sources of her adult sexual fears. Re-experiencing birth,
she felt she had been "created for creation."
This to me was orgasm and this joy was what I ought to look for
... This was also unity with the "absolute."...
I had my first practical lesson in how to have and enjoy intercourse.
I learnt to lie back relaxed and offer myself....
As a result of therapy, her tensions disappeared and she gained
emotional freedom. At the time the account was written up, she
was maintaining a successful relationship and was "able to
get full satisfaction out of sexual intercourse and always achieved
Another interesting LSD treatment by these doctors, as reported
in the Psychedelic Review, was that of a married woman
who had never obtained satisfaction from sex and reacted to it
with distaste. It was soon discovered that because she had had
a "baby love affair" with her father, who nonetheless
had no affection for her, she had rejected all sexuality. In her
third session she wanted to remember her first awareness of sexual
feeling, and returned to infancy:
I was a tiny baby about six months old, lying on my back with
my legs in the air, with no clothes on and my father was looking
at me. He was looking at my private parts and I expected him to
react in an approving way, but he did not. It was a shattering
blow to my self-esteem. I felt that here was the very essence
of my femaleness and the one male I most wanted to show approval
did not do so.
Following this insightful LSD experience, the patient felt "enormously
released." She found that she began to enjoy male relationships
which previously had resulted in feelings of shame and which afterwards
she preferred not to think about. After treatment she "felt
a wonderful outpouring of love" and wanted to have a second
child, though previously she had thought another pregnancy would
be "disastrous." In later sessions she summoned other
childhood sexual detail that made even further progress possible,
and at the close of treatment she had her first full internal
orgasm during intercourse. Six months later she reported to her
I am completely free of all the feelings of distaste and guilt
that I had, and am able to enjoy [sex] in a "down to earth"
and healthy way. I know my husband finds me much better company
and I have a much more positive approach to him and life in general,
and I have much more patience with my children.
It is true that in many cases of frigidity women have sublimated
their sexual drives by turning to careers, and the indications
are that such women seek treatment only when the career (or other
substitute) becomes disrupted or unsuccessful. One of the reasons
frigidity has been virtually untreatable in the past is that the
sufferer could retain her sex substitute and persuade herself
that it was "fulfilling." LSD, however, reaches to the
bottom of the disorder and the subject cannot take refuge from
the truth she finds, whether her career is "fulfilling"
Recognition of the problem is an important first step, but this
in itself solves nothing. In frigidity cases, LSD seems to first
define the problem, then dissolve it, thus freeing the patient
to make a suitable adjustment.
The history of LSD is marked by important accidental discoveries.
The first, of course, was the unexpected and stunning discovery
of the powers of the drug itself. It was then only by chance that
two investigators happened upon LSD's usefulness in the treatment
of chronic alcoholism. Another discovery several years later was
made when a few researchers noticed that the drug enhanced the
evocation of "religious" or "mystical" experience.
Still others, looking for a new pain-killer, found that LSD could
help the terminal patient to a greater serenity in acceptance
of death. And much to the surprise of many homosexuals who had
been given the drug for other disorders, LSD coincidentally was
found to help their homosexual adjustment as well. This is evidenced
again and again (almost as an aside) in case histories dealing
primarily with other matters, but to date such information has
remained obscure and has seldom drawn comment.
Individual clinicians, however, have reported improvement in homosexual
adjustmentsalmost as a by-product of other treatment. Homosexual
alcoholics, for example, have not only been able to solve their
alcohol problems as a result of using LSD, but have resolved sexual
guilt to the point where they could accept their homosexuality
without shame or overemphasis of its importance to their lives,
or they have become more involved in heterosexual behavior. Dr.
Ruth Fox and Dr. Jack Ward are two experts on alcoholism who have
had several such cases in which homosexual symptoms have disappeared
or been alleviated, although specific treatment was not intended
for this condition. Non-clinical investigators have also noted
this result. Masters and Houston, in giving LSD to college-educated
subjects simply to study their reactionswith no intention of
"curing" anythingreported a number of subjects in
whom there was a change in homosexual behavior patterns:
Like most (twelve out of fourteen) of the limited number of overt
male homosexuals who have been psychedelic volunteers, there is
to be found here a distorted body image.... Certainly, the normalizing
of the distorted body image produced a marked trend towards heterosexualization....
In the streets, he consistently saw what he had "never seen
before": He noticed the "beasts and bottoms" of
women and found them attractive. This was a source of much astonishment
to him, since before he always had passed women by without seeing
them at all, or noticing them only as if they were objects, "like
lampposts or fire hydrants."
Coincidental homosexuality adjustments have occurred with sufficient
frequency that at lectures and conferences on LSD, the question
has been raised as to why LSD has not been put to direct use more
often for treating the condition. The answer lies in the fact
that so far there has been no systematic attempt to measure the
significance of LSD in this specific treatment.
... all of the homosexual subjects have had a rather passive
demeanor.... A frequent post-session effect is then a heightened
aggressiveness, an impression of greater self-confidence and probably
better self-esteem, with a noticeable deepening of the voice in
some cases. Also, gestures may become more vigorous, posture more
erect, and movements generally more decisive and, in some cases,
It would appear, however, that LSD is successful in homosexual
problems because it can reveal early traumas which underlie the
condition. Further, it can bring about, through insight, a lessening
of morbid dependency on parents. As mentioned in the foregoing
quotation, it can alter an individual's inappropriate and/or pejorative
total self image and lead to self acceptance.
There are many therapists who believe that it is not possible
to work through problems of a sexual nature, whether they be narcissism,
over-dependency, blockage or a variety of perversions, without
abreactionthat is, the patient must first return to the early
periods of his life when his attitudes and values were originally
damaged and the construction of "mental dams" was begun.
In conventional psychotherapy, which consists mainly of "talking
it out," some part of the dam usually remains. This is why
"dynamiting" it with Psychodrama, Marathons, and Vegetotherapy
and other methods based on "shock reactions" have a
growing appeal. But compared to these methods, the potentials
in LSD therapy seem vastly superior.
Several techniques have been developed for combining certain shock
processes with LSD. One far-sighted team of English doctors reported
on their system (used in sixty cases over the last three years)
at the Second International Conference on the Use of LSD in Psychotherapy
at Amityville, Long Island. They had an impressive number of successful
cases to their credit, with only two treatment failures and one
An example of their treatment, as applied to homosexuality, was
presented by Dr. Joyce Martin, Senior Hospital Medical Officer
at Marlborough Day Hospital, and indicates the delicacy, patience,
and discernment required on the part of the therapist:
... active participation of the therapist is needed, since the
drug regresses the patients to the earliest experiences so dynamically
that they literally feel as a baby and are unable to cope or fend
for themselves; but this is no longer frightening if their present
mother, that is the therapist, is warm and understanding and can
supply their needs at that level in some practical way, such as
giving warm milk, holding their hand or putting an arm round them,
and also talking to them at a conscious level, since consciousness
is always maintained in the treatment, and reassuring them that
it is good and normal to want these things, which all babies need
and want, but do not always get.
The insights which some homosexuals have had from LSD therapy
have enabled them to marry happily, adjust to an existing marriage,
or decide that they are essentially homosexual and want to stay
that way. Other patients who feared homosexuality and had decided
to have no sexual relations at all have found the courage to experiment,
and some are leading fulfilling heterosexual lives.
... we can enable him to face up to all the painful factors
in his life and upbringing, which originally the ego was not strong
enough to accept; but now with the transference to the therapist,
these things can be accepted. And it is, in fact, the therapist's
job to point them out, so that they are accepted, however unpleasant,
which is possible when the therapist, unlike mother, does not
criticize or reject.
Freud maintained that, in certain types of neuroses, called the
narcissistic neuroses, the transference relationship did not develop.
This made psychoanalytic treatment very difficult and lengthy,
and was the cause of much criticism. We have, however, had many
narcissistic neuroses to deal with under LSD, and find that, if
we know the right role to play, then they gradually respond and
develop a transference, develop and integrate. For example, a
man of forty-nine, obsessional schizoid, suffering from extreme
sexual frustration causing tenseness, irritability, inability
to communicate with others and depression, was eventually able,
through the right attitude of the therapist, to communicate freely
with her and eventually to have sexual feelings and show his penis
to her, which was the first time in his life that he had done
such a thing, but he felt pleased and not ashamed of it...
The... case I wish to describe... is that-of a man of twenty-five,
a dentist.... His father died when the patient was one or two
He remembered having a bicycle accident at 12 years of age and
being treated in a hospital and then having to stay in bed at
home. He felt something horrible and frightening had happened
to him during this time.... The therapist had an intuitive
feeling that there had been some sexual incident, and so she lay
beside him. He remembered feeling cold and miserable after the
accident and asking mother if he could get into her bed, which
he did. She offered him her breast and later put her hand on his
genitals. The therapist-intentionally put her hand on his thigh
and the patient said he felt a weight on top of him, which she
interpreted as someone lying on him, so she got on top of him.
This then brought back the memory that his mother had sucked his
penis and made it erect and then pushed it into her vagina. He
said he felt like a horse being ridden by a cowboy and that his
mother was very masculine.
Later... he went through an extremely suicidal depression.
He sat in front of the fire holding out his handkerchief and saying
that he saw patterns of a tombstone on it and this was his tombstone.
He then remembered feeling mad after the incident with his mother;
and when she left him to go off to work, he crawled back to his
own bed and masturbated for the first time. The whole horror of
the experience came over him and he tried to forget it. He then
began to see his mother as wicked and evil and ugly and he determined
never to let her touch him again. He locked his door at night
and hardly spoke to her for weeks. Eventually the whole incident
became repressed and he never looked at her or touched her again.
The suicidal depression continued for some time, and the patient
would drive his car at 60 miles an hour up one-way streets, etc.
He projected his hate against his mother on to the therapist at
times, seeing her as ugly and evil, but with her interpretation
about it he was able to accept that it was only his feelings about
his mother, and he continued to come for treatment.
His next memory was of having been picked up by an older boy in
the park, when he was fourteen years old, and allowing the boy
to touch his penis and later seduce him, which he admitted enjoying
and said it made him feel like a woman. Later on, he also had
successful sexual relations with virgins, and realized that he
was getting his own back on his mother in doing this, but that
he did not have such a good orgasm as when playing the female
role. He now remembered doing this with his brother.
The transference to the therapist was now fully developed and
therefore, in order to get him out of the homosexual stage of
development, she praised a mutual acquaintance as being a fine
virile man, and this made the patient very jealous, so that the
next week he told her that he had made two conquests with virgins
during the week. He then asked the therapist to lie on the bed
with him, which she did, and he put his arms across her shoulders
and said he felt merged with her as one person and they were going
into a tunnel together, which was identification with his mother.
Later on, he said he didn't want to be a woman any more, as he
felt she wanted him to be a man, and she agreed she did want this,
since he had been born a boy. He said his aim now was to become
a man and possess her.
Since the causes of homosexuality are diffuse and not well understood,
a continuance of homosexuality after LSD is not necessarily a
treatment failure and should not be thought of as relapse. It
may represent the establishment of a positive nature of the self.
As a group of Canadian psychotherapists put it,... "many
[homosexuals] have derived marked benefit in terms of insight,
acceptance of role, reduction of guilt and associated psychosexual
liabilities." This is an estimable development, for as Eric
Berne points out in his book about symbolic game-playing, an understanding
of the sundry homosexual dodges and reassuring apologies indulged
in by insecure homosexuals can lead to a more highly integrated
[In] "Cops and Robbers," "Why Does This Always
Happen to Us," "It's the Society We Live In," "All
Great Men Were" and so forth, the "professional homosexual"
wastes a large amount of time and energy which could be applied
to other ends. Analysis of his games may help him establish a
quiet menage which will leave him free to enjoy the benefits that
bourgeois society offers, instead of devoting himself to playing
his own variation of "Ain't It Awful"
Because homosexuality has been considered an endemic and deep-rooted
condition since times of antiquity, hopes for its alleviation,
until very recent times, have been faint. But lately, since other
resistant mental aberrations have been overcome by new methods,
somewhat drastic treatments are being used and advocated for the
homosexual in some quarters. In one current technique the homosexual
patient is shown a picture of an attractive male and is simultaneously
given an electric shock. Such a method, perhaps of some use, nevertheless
may have deleterious effectswhich is why most thoughtful therapists
are opposed to such "reconditioning."
Unbelievable as it may seem to the conservative therapist, however,
LSD not only works better in the treatment of the homosexual problem,
but it does not seem to require the substitution of a surrogate
symptom. Here is how one analyst, familiar
with the LSD studies, states it:
I went to the International Congress on Psychotherapy in London
last year. There were quite a large number of papers on LSD therapy.
The different approaches were really quite astonishing; people
seemed to claim, at any rate, that they get almost equally good
results from different viewpoints. Some people, indeed, seemed
to think that one would get a result, in some cases, entirely
from the effect of the drug, with very little in the way of psychotherapy.
When one goes to the A.P.A. meeting, one hears the enthusiasm
of the behavior therapists and their claims, with much conviction,
that by deconditioning and getting rid of patients' symptoms,
you can get patients better, and they do not relapse, and they
do not produce other symptoms! Contrary to the expectations of
the analysts, who have all said that if you get rid of these symptoms,
you will only produce other ones.
In the layman's mind, homosexuality is often confused with other
inversionstransvestism, fetishism, sadomasochism, etc. While
this confusion may cause concern among homosexuals and sexologists,
there is a grain of truth in this misidentification in that a
wide range of sexual disorders spring from the same general source,
and to a certain extent they are interchangeable. Because this
is the case, a number of uncommon and bizarre aberrations, also
engendered early in life, can be treated with therapy similar
to that for homosexuality.
Although seldom classed as perversion, sexual promiscuity is closely
related. As therapists know, patterns of promiscuity can be altered
by an emotional recall of certain past events on the part of the
patient. This may be the explanation for the reports, which have
puzzled some authorities, that LSD not only can help the asexual
person to "normality," but also can moderate wanton
behavior and create the capacity for more lasting relationships.
It is known that homosexuality and the other perversions are dependent
upon fantasy for their maintenance. Most of this fantasy stems
from childhood daydreams and is unsatisfactory for transition
to adult life. The grown-up daydreamer does not recognize this
because he has updated and embellished his fantasies with images
and impressions he has found suitable along the way. But he builds
of necessity on shaky ground: infantile vision, inexperience and
immature understanding. In consequence, the fantasy, though it
may be firmly established as ritual and heavily depended upon,
can never reward and comfort as it did when first conceived. When
the fabric of the fantasy wears thin, as it must occasionally
because of environmental change, the daydreamer is in trouble.
In contrast, the LSD fantasy that the patient experiences in treatment
usually is a means of redressing old grievances, but it contains
elements appropriate to maturity. Characteristically it reinterprets
happenings of the past (for which the subject was unprepared)
from the perspectives of deeper maturity and this entails a re-examination
of the meaning of one's personal existence and a symbolic passage
into a new order. The LSD fantasies seem particularly directed
toward the rebalancing of maladaptive functioning, in much the
same way as Jung saw the purpose for dreams. This can lead to
growth and transformation. In a society that lacks formal initiation
rites, a factor which consequently leaves uncertain the termination
of childhood and adolescence, LSD fantasies seem to facilitate
entry of the chronologically grown-up but emotionally infantile
adult into a mature world. This applies to the whole gamut of
perversion: sadomasochism, bestiality, chronic masturbation,
flagellation, nymphomania and so forth.
This growthlike all significant changecan be frightening
to the patient and may seriously disrupt the life condition. It
can also bring about undesirable changes in family life unless
precautions have been taken and an expectancy has been established.
As those familiar with domestic relations know, improvement in
one partner can bring about deterioration in the other. With LSD
therapy there is the additional problem that any marked gain may
be dismissed on the grounds that "a drug can't do such things."
This attitude is sometimes disastrous.
In one case, a woman who had become withdrawn, gloomy and listless
because she felt that her successful husband had "outgrown"
her and should divorce her, was restored after LSD therapy to
the amiable, outgoing person she had once been. The husband had
been completely loyal to her during her travails, but he lost
all interest in her when it became clear that her recovery and
renewed interest in life were genuine. He found as time passed
that he could not accept her as an equal, his childhood asthma
attacks gradually returned, his business no longer prospered and
eventually divorce did occur.
As a final comment on LSD's role in sexual and domestic matters,
it is fitting to reiterate a plea made by R.E.L. Masters when
he published for the first time a series of case histories about
the use of psychedelics as they affect sexual behavior:
... problems connected with sex relations have plagued humanity
for a long while, as they certainly do today. And I do not see
how there could be any legitimate objection to the development
and marketing of drugs aimed at helping people generally to enrich
their sexual relations when they do have them, and which would
assist in relieving the anguish and misery of persons whose sexual
problems are so severe that they are either driven into very bizarre
perversions or forced to get along without any sex lives at all.
Since most of humanity's present day sexual problems, including
impotence and frigidity, are psychological in origin, drugs which
merely work upon the genitals, producing engorgement, are often
of little value; and it is likely that the drugs capable of solving
or helping with these problems will have to be drugs powerfully
affecting the mind. That is why [psychedelic drugs are] so interesting
and promising and why [they] should be thoroughly explored in
1. This volume, edited by Dr. Abramson, is
a record of the Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation's LSD conference
held in April, 1959. 1,099 case histories of patients formed the
basis of the report. (back)
2. Of the Psychiatric and Public Health Departments,
San Jacinto Memorial Hospital, Baytown, Texas. (back)
3. Dr. Robert C. Murphy, Jr., Waverly, Penn.
4. "Psychedelic," a word coined
by Dr. Humphry Osmond, comes from Greek roots and means "mind-manifesting."
It was expressly invented to describe the growing list of "mind"
drugs which have effects similar to LSD. There are at present about
eighty such drugs aside from LSD; the most commonly known are
psilocybin, mescaline and DMT (dimethyltryptamine). (back)
5. Masters and Houston refer to all of their
subjects as "S." (back)
6. From an interview in Dude magazine,
September, 1966. (back)
7. While the published case histories of frigidity
cures with LSD have been emphasized, LSD has similar effects and
results in the treatment of male impotence. Men are by and large
more successful than women in diverting sexual energies into their
careers when confronted with their problem, and the incidence
is less in any case. Consequently, less attention has been paid
to the causes and treatment of this condition. Since here again
the disabling agents that lead to impotence are anxiety, unconscious
blocks, fear and inhibition, LSD can bring about an effective
8. Dr. Donald Blair of St Bernard's Hospital,